Internet of things (IoT) trends has a huge attraction with the technology world. People will have interesting experiences when objects and physical devices have abilities to connect each other and brings the huge benefits. With any IoT projects, choosing the hardware is always so difficult, software either. In this article, we will introduce you the most 10 popular programming languages when you do a IoT project.
1. What is Internet of Things (IoT)
Simply, we can understand that “Internet of things” is all devices which can connect each other via internet. The devices can be smartphone, washing machine, headphone, lamp, and so on. According to the famous consultation agencies: up to 2020, there will be about 26 billion devices can be connected, even more than that. IoT is the huge network that can connect everything including human and this will exist in the relationships between human and human, human and devices, devices and devices.
2. Top 10 Internet of Things (IoT) Programming Languages
Language C is a popular programming language. Nowadays, it is still dominant among programming languages. It’s the first function is used in programming C to switch telephone exchange. Besides, C also used in almost modern embedded systems.
If you are a programmer, we think that you should have a little bit about C. It is not hard for the beginner, so don’t hesitate, it’s time to work with C. The reason why C is not popular in IoT is that it doesn’t support GUI very well.
However, C is still a heavyweight candidate for IoT programming.
The fact that C++ is developed from C. Specifically, classes, objects, abstract data are built from the core library C, this makes C++ become the preferred language in IoT programming, especially in the Linux system. And now, the C++ language is becoming stronger in embedded programming.
It seems that Python is not suitable for IoT projects. However, in the recent years, Python is becoming the popular language in embedded programming. Python is well known for developing web applications. However, todays, it is one of the good choice for IoT projects. In programmers’ opinion, Python is the easy language to understand and use. With Python, we can program any IoT applications and it is really the brightest candidates for IoT programming projects.
It’s easy for us to manage and control hardware with C or C++. A system is programmed by C or C++ has a high performance. But but two languages depends on the specific hardware device. So how do these two languages not depend on the specific hardware devices? Java is the best answer for this question. Java compiler supports multiple hardware platforms and the ability to compile programs that run on multiple platforms. In the IoT project needs to support multiple platforms, the Java programming language is a good choice.
Go is an embedded language developed by Google. It has many similarities with the C language. However, Go is stronger than C. The important feature of Go is that Go allows devices can work together to send and receive data simultaneously in many channels. However, it still maintain a disadvantage which is the high possibility of errors or data loss if programmers do not manage well when programming.
Rust developed by Mozilla is an open source language. Rust is consider as a copy of Go, however, Rust can fix the biggest drawback of Go that is the ability to share information among the different channels automatically. Rust built functions to support this problem and turn it into popular programming languages IoT in concurrent programming. However, to use Rust, the processor needs to support concurrent processing.
If we look for a language for IoT applications supporting parallel processing, Parasail is also a good choice. Before we start programming IoT applications, we have to understand the differences between parallel and concurrent processors. We can see that syntax of parasail like Java, C # or Python. If IoT applications require parallel processing, Parasail is the most suitable one.
The programming languages above usually use for large system. B# language is developed for small applications. We can use this language on many platforms using the embedded virtual machine (EVM) which supports B#. EVM is just small memory 24k for embedded application. If we plan to develop the simple IoT application, B# is the best choice.
Assembler is the great choice if you want to keep the compact applications. Assembler is a low-level programming language (metadata) that help applications are minimalist and optimal. However, in IoT applications we have enough resources (processor, memory, …). You should choose the modern programming languages above because these languages have many tools to support Assembler .
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